There are several factors that go into controlling turfgrass disease. The weather, your budget, knowledge and patience all play a role in the management of your sod. Weather plays a huge part in the outcome of your turf, its’ unpredictability and uncontrollable nature can sometimes work against you. Your budget and the expenses of maintaining a nice turfgrass can add up depending on the size and detail of the lawn and landscaping, the complexity of the disease, and how much you are willing or able to spend. Patience must be practiced when waiting for the end result of a pest and disease free lawn, which can sometimes be hard when we wish to see results quickly rather than after a much more likely several weeks. Lastly, more knowledge about maintaining a disease and pest free lawn will of course only help you reach your goals. Your ability to control the outcome of your lawn is much better if you know the conditions that cause the development of diseases, how they affect lawns and how the damage they cause can be controlled.
Continuous management of your turfgrass is the best way to keep it free of diseases. This includes proper fertilization, correct irrigation and watering, correct mowing height, appropriate maintenance tools, placement in full sun, distance from other plants, and use of disease resistant turf cultivars. It is up to the homeowner to make sure all of these practices are in effect. Even if a homeowner has a landscaping crew maintaining their yard routinely, mowing and irrigation must still be monitored more often. Additionally, correct weed and insect control, aeration and thatch management will increase your chances of a successful lawn.
It is important you accurately diagnosis your lawn problem before beginning maintenance. Time and money can be wasted if treatment has begun in haste and does not fix the problem. There are several different causes of lawn problems, such as fungus, poor drainage, weather, poor management and maintenance practices, and more. Most diseases will usually affect either the root of the grass or the blade. After taking a close, detailed look, you can usually see if the root has been damaged, or if the problems only occur on shoots.
Prevention is always preferable over having to cure and maintain in the future. Preventative practices can help prevent a wide array of diseases rather than curing specific diseases as they show up. It is always useful to take advantage of disease resistant varieties. Making sure there is adequate soil aeration and percolation is also important, specifically when preventing root disease. Having continuous wet roots can cause infection and disease, so aerating is critical and seldom overdone. Timing is also an important step when implementing disease control processes, taking into consideration things such as whether the turf is cool or warm-season. Patience, knowledge and effort will go a long way in disease prevention and help aid in decreasing the need for curative and maintenance efforts.